tv Road to the White House CSPAN April 13, 2015 1:00am-2:01am EDT
consensus. and in 16 months, we were able to pass the most comprehensive piece of veterans legislation since world war ii.one of the great drives of my life is one of the million post-9/11 veterans have been able to take advantage of our g.i. bill. [applause] how can we make america a better place? let's look into the future here. i will say something that troubles me a lot, and i think there are a lot of people in this room who will agree. money is ruining our political process. [applause] particularly -- particularly
since the citizens united case in 2012. i hear jeb bush saying he will raise $100 million in three months. there are the super pac's. he is not alone here, but this cannot continue. the only way we are going to be able to do anything about it is make sure our people by the numbers can outnumber the kind of money that is coming in here and that we get the policies that we believe into place. that is what we did when i ran for senate. we had 14,000 volunteers who came up to help us when we ran against and incumbent senator who just gotten the highest number of votes. we need to remember that the american dream is a unique thing in this world. when people say you should not talk about american exceptionalism, excuse me. i think the american dream is unique. that is why people are trying to come here from all over the
world. i have lived the american dream of open. i was able to give scholarships to go to school, was able to serve my country. i have had a great experience in my life, but i will tell you who is living the american dream, my wife. she was born in the annam escape vietnam when the communists took over. that is something we need to remember. on april 30, it will be the anniversary of the fall of saigon, and those of you can remember what that was like, but the chaos was like in that country, hundreds of thousands of vietnamese were jumping into the sea rather than having to face what was happening when the communists took over, and her entire extended family got on a fishing boat, seven siblings, aunts, uncles, and they did not know if they were going to live or dock, and the united states navy scooped them out of the sea and brought them to a refugee
camp in guam. from there, she went to a refugee camp in arkansas, and her family eventually settled in new orleans. her parents never spoke english. they never mastered the english language. she started working when she was 11, got a scholarship to the university of michigan, ended up going to cornell law school. now that is the american dream. [applause] if we want to preserve this, it is only going to come from the democratic party party. we have to remember that. we are never going to find an answer in the republican party on issues like economic fairness and giving people who have no voice in the corners of power the power that the democratic party, of teddy roosevelt and henry truman, gave them. we are not going to be
marginalized by special interests. we are not going to be silenced in the face of overwhelming pressures that this kind of money can buy. we will not acquiesce to a future that marginalizes this whole beauty of the american dream. we will not allow them to ignore us after the election is over. everyone in this room i think shares these kinds of feelings, or you wouldn't be committing yourself to the kind of service that you are giving right now. if you believe we can restore and preserve the american dream for everyone, then we will not become what some people are calling the moderate wing of the republican party. we will return to the party of roosevelt and truman, the party that truly looks after everyone who lacks a voice in the corners
of power. [applause] and hardly cooper will be proud of me because we are not going to come in second. we have the strongest nation in the world, the guarantor of stability of the world, and that is going to continue. thank you very much. [applause] host: governor martin o'malley comes from along a long family of democrats, as well. his father was a leader in the democratic party.
he came here in 1983 to work on gary hart's campaign as one of the staff organizers and had a chance to work on that great campaign in which heart finished second. he went to baltimore and became interested in local government in ran for this the council and got elected. the mayor spot became open, and the was a crowded field, and he dived into that and was successful becoming mayor. by the time he took over as the mayor of baltimore, there were high crime rate and a struggling economy as a result of the policies that he was able to enact, baltimore was able to turn around, and baltimore became a city that was recognized nationally for some really fine achievement. as a result of his work as mayor, he was elected governor in 2006. he took on a republican incumbent and beat him, and he was rewarded with a bad economy in 2007 and 2008 that he had to deal with.
he enacted some innovative policies, and he was reelected in 2010, and a bad year for democrats guided by a landslide. people thought well of his leadership. after he left office, he kind of look at these as is most successful accomplishments. first of all, he raised the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. [applause] he signed into law the marriage equality act. [applause] he signed into law the legislation abolishing the death penalty. [applause] and he also was instrumental in passing the dream act to provide in-state tuition for undocumented immigrants. [applause] when he left office, maryland
had recovered 100% of the jobs it had lost in the recession. [applause] under his leadership, maryland public schools were ranked number one in the nation for five years in a row. [applause] and finally, the u.s. chamber of commerce which is not always kind to democrats, recognized him because maryland was number one in entrepreneurship and innovation for three years in a rope. [applause] -- three years in a row. please give a good applause for governor o'malley. governor o'malley: thank you. and let's give it up for senator webb. senator, thank you for your
message of economic fairness, for your message of national security, for your message of basic governance. i want you all to turn to one another and say it is good to be a democrat in the county. go ahead and do it. now, turn to your other neighbor and say it is good to be a democrat in paul county. --polk county. and now, something i was taught by paul sarbanes-oxley and we are great breeders -- we are great believers that campaigns should end on the same day that they start, so i am going to get right into it. tom henderson, i want to thank you. i want to thank all of you for being here today, and sharon and the family of congressman neil smith, thank you for everything you did. sitting here is my 17-year-old
son william. and, sharing, i know that families give up a lot in order to support their parents in public service and i would also like to tell your dad one other thing, and that is my mom barbara o'malley who is 87 years old, when she found out i was coming to iowa, she said say hello to my friend neil smith come because she was in the young democrats in fort wayne indiana, when she got a pilot's license and joined the civil air patrol and help protect us against the boats and at the time after that, she was in washington, d.c., and she remembers your father very fondly. she was a national committeewoman, and she would see your father there in washington, so please give her best and i will write her name
down on a card, and i promised my mom i would do that. my parents were part of that generation that tom brokaw and others have called the greatest generation, but it was not a title they would readily embrace themselves, because as americans, they believed that every generation had an obligation to be a great generation, and that is my message for you tonight. we still have time, all of us, to be great generations of americans, and their future is depending on it, and, yes, the future is watching. tonight, i wanted to talk you about the story of us, about the story of des moines and baltimore, about the story of maryland and iowa and the story of america. you know, 200 years ago in the war of 1812, a true story. the british had just burned our nation's capital to the ground. they had taken washington.
the capital and the white house were burning, and the people of my home city, the people of baltimore, could actually see the glow from those fires to ourselves, and now we knew they were coming for us, and amid the ashes of our nation's capital, the commanding british general at the time declared, and i quote, i am going to march on baltimore. i am going to dine there because even then, we had great restaurants in baltimore. [laughter] and then, i am going to burn baltimore to the ground. our nation was not yet 40 years old, and the american dream at that moment was facing extinction. imagine what we felt at that time. anger, fear.
disbelief. confidence shattered. trust, totally gone. there are moments in the life of our country, and they are defining moment, when it seems the american dream itself is hanging by a thread, and yet, for america, there is always a yet -- thread, and that final thread that holds us could just be the strongest. 50% of the defenders at the time were actually immigrants. one out of five of us were black citizens of a still as yet very imperfect country and only one out of five of those black defenders was freed themselves, that somehow, together, we transformed our loss we transformed our despair, and instead of digging graves, we dug trenches. we built ramparts by the sea
and against the overwhelming shock and off force of its day -- shock and awe fourth of its day, we are now singing the star-spangled banner when the british guns finally gave up and went silent, but let us remember as we sing the anthem today that the colors of that star-spangled banner were themselves stitched together by black and white hands, by men's hands and women's hands and i would submit to you the thread that held that flag together is the same thread that holds us together here tonight. and what is that thread?
it is the thread of human dignity, the dignity of home, the dignity of place, the dignity of country the dignity of neighbor helping neighbor so that all of us can succeed, and in other words, with our country's future hanging in the balance, we stood as one, and the american dream lived on. now fast forward in 1999 when i ran for mayor, mr. attorney general, there was a different type of battle going on on the streets of baltimore and this time, we were losing. baltimore had become the most violent, the most addicted, and the most abandoned city in america, and the biggest enemy that we faced was that the drug dealers or crack cocaine. it was a lack of belief, a culture of failure countless excuses about why it was nothing we would try would ever work and why none of us if we had an ounce of sense should even bother to try so we set out to make our city work again, to
make the dream true again. we started setting goals with deadlines, and instead of counting inputs, as government always does, we started measuring outputs. we saw trash in our streets and alleys, and we picked it up every day. we saw the drug markets, and we began to relentlessly close them down, and guess what? when the people of baltimore saw their government was working again, they rallied too. [applause] together. in other words, we put into action that powerful believe that in our city there is no such thing as a spare american, that we are all in this together, and over the next 10 years, baltimore went on to achieve the biggest reduction in part one crime of any major city in america. [applause]
now, we americans sometimes have short memories, don't we? but none of us will ever forget seven years ago, when our country was facing the roast -- worst recession since the great depression, and a meltdown on wall street left our entire economy hanging by a thread. when we refused to give up, we elected a new president in barack obama to move our country forward, and that is exactly what barack obama has done. [applause] and at that moment, all of us had a decision to make. we would be part of them bringing america back, or would we sit on our haunches? while others were cutting their way to prosperity, we started supporting our president, doing the things that were, and we tossed aside the failed economic
theories of trickle down or voodoo economics, and instead we embraced, and instead we returned to the truth that our parents and grandparents understood, that the more a person learns, the more a person earns, that a stronger middle class -- that a stronger middle class is not the consequence of economic growth. a stronger middle class is the cause of economic growth. [applause] i am not even sure our parents and democrats and republicans even had a word for that. they called it common sense. they called it common sense. in other words, the more money workers earned, the better businesses customers had, and the better our economy grows said together, we actually passed a living wage.
we raised the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. we made college more affordable for more people with four years in a row without a penny increase, and we may public schools, as tom mentioned, the best in the country for five years in a row. we made it easier for people to vote and not harder. [applause] and because we understood renewable energy created good jobs, we seized the opportunity in climate change, if only america rises to meet that challenge. together, we brought back the health of the waters of the chesapeake day. together, we made maryland won the top states for upward mobility.
according to a report this week, we made maryland the top state for women owned businesses in the united states. answer all of the very difficult years, we made sure that our state had the highest median income in the country for all eight of those years, and since the depth of the recession maryland has actually created jobs faster than our neighbors to the north or south of us. you see, it is not about left. it is not about right. it is not about center. it is better choices for better results for the american dream you and i share. that is what it is about. and when a family can actually send their sons and daughters to good schools, the american dream is alive, and it is true.
while a family can work hard and through that hard work claim a seat at the table of american prosperity, the american dream is alive and none of these thanks, my friends, happened by chance. they happen by choice, the choice we have to make to believe in one another, to believe in our country, and to believe in our ability, our ability to make that dream real. as a nation, here is the good news. as a nation, we have now created jobs for 60 months in a row. positive job creation for 60 months in a row. [applause] we are recovering jobs faster than most other countries coming out of this recession and that is absolutely the good news but the bad news is this. let me ask you a question.
how many of you by a show of hands firmly believe you have enjoyed a better quality of life than your parents and grandparents have enjoyed? raise your hands. second question. how many of you believe just as firmly that your children and grandchildren will enjoy a better quality of life than you have? raise your hands. and that is the great question at the center of this table of democracy. people are actually more pessimistic now for all of the good work we have done together to bring our country back. people are more pessimistic now about their children's future than they were four years ago. the vast majority of us are working harder only to watch our own families off further behind. ford to your us, the dream of things that can be that once were and to be slipping from our grasp, and you see this look in
your neighbor's eyes and i have seen it also. americans are worried, and it is for good reason. 80% of us are earning less today than we were 12 years ago. and that is not the way our country is supposed to work, and that is not the way our economy is supposed to work, and until we solve this problem, we cannot rest. [applause] get this. 50 years ago, the nation of busey's largest employer was gm, general motors, and the average employee, the average employee could send a child to college on two weeks wages. two weeks wages. there was a story with this headline and i quote, the
american dream is dead. well, let me say. to those who would write to those premature obituaries, the american dream is not dead. the american train will not die because you and i are going to fight for it and make it true again. our economy is the product of the choices we make and the choices we fail to make. do you mean to tell me we can concentrate wealth at the top as it never has been before, but we cannot create good jobs and good wages to support a family? do you mean to tell me that we can pay record bonuses on wall street, but we cannot eradicate childhood hunger? i do not buy it, and neither should you. we are better than this.
we are better than this. we are americans. we make our own destiny, and it is going to be up to the democratic party to finish the work that we have begun together, and what is that work? that work is to make the economy work for all of us again, to restore the american dream. give me a favor here. close your eyes if it is helpful. and i want you to think of your parents and your grandparents. they understood the essence of the american dream that we share, and it is this. the strong remake the country, the more it is.
the american poet bruce springsteen said is there a dream alive that does not come true, or is it something worse? when the american dream is denied, our lives shrink. our hopes fade, and our days unfold not in the light of possibility but in the darkness of fear. to make the dream come true again, we must fight for better wages for all workers so that americans can support their families on what they earn. [applause] and what does that mean? that means raising the minimum wage raising the income threshold for overtime pay, and actually making it easier rather than harder for people to join unions and bargain for collective bargaining rights and greater wages. [applause]
that is what it means to make the dream come true. and to make the dream come true we must not allow another wall street meltdown to rain down on hard working families. it is not too much to ask, and it is not too much to expect for our national government to rein in wall street, to protect big banks from lording over little people and to keep them from wrecking our national economy ever again. we must. and to make the dream come true again, we have to embrace a clean energy future. we are americans. we do not back down from threats. we have to recognize that
renewable, inexhaustible sources of energy actually represent the biggest of is this opportunity in a century, and you all are harnessing it here. look at your wind industry and what you're doing to put people back to wreck and to give your children a cleaner and more secure future, and to make the dream true again, we must increase social security benefit and not cut them. [applause] and to make the jury and come true again, we must invest in our children. it is absolutely appalling you can refinance a mortgage in your home is your grandkids can refinance a mountain of college debt. we have been talking a lot about the american jury. my father flew in missions over japan, and he would not have got
to college were and not for a farseeing and generous country that created the g.i. bill. we need to make college more affordable for all in our country again, and to make that dream come true, we also have to be able to give our college graduates the ability to start their own dream, to buy a home without being unbreakable because of the amount that they oh on their college debt, but look, folks. the most fundamental power of our party, and i would submit the most powerful fundamental strength of our country is the power of our moral principles, the power of our moral principles. triangulation is not a strategy that will move america forward. history celebrates profiles in courage, not profiles inconvenience. each day we left the unashamed unabashed defenders of that american dream that we share.
in other words, the dignity of every person tells us that the right to marry is not a state right. the right to marry is a human right. your traditions as a generous and compassionate people here in iowa tells us, as americans tell us that when refugee children arrive here from central america or any other country fleeing starvation and death gangs, we do not turn them away. we act like the generous compassionate people we have always been, because the and during symbol of our nation is not the barbed wire fence. it is the statue of liberty. this is who we are.
this is who we are. this is who we are, and, yes, in god we trust. yes you and i are proud to be members of the democratic party. let the tea party measure their success by how many times they can shut our government down and sell us short, but we measure our success in jobs and opportunity for all. let them speak of the sad yesterdays that were. we speak of the tomorrows that can be. the american dream is what makes america exceptional. fear and anger never built a great nation. our country is built by the compassionate choices we make together guided by our better angels. we love our country. we love what our country is, and what is more, we love what our country can still become, so take pride in what you believe and the next time someone asks you who you voted for, don't be shy. i what you did tell them, and i
mean it. if a child asks you who you voted for, i want you to tell that child, i voted for you. when you see someone with health insurance now who did not have it before, and they ask you who you voted for, i want you to tell them, i voted for you. when you see someone sweating through another long shift, and they asked you who you voted for, i want you to tell them, i voted for you, and when you see someone who wants nothing more than their family to be treated with dignity and equal rights under the law, i want you to tell them, i voted for you, and when you see someone who hungers for opportunity and a good job i what you to tell them all i voted for you. yes, we are democrats, and we are democrats were good reason, because ours is the party of opportunity. ours is the party of optimism. ours is the party of the people. ours is the party of the better american dream and ours is the
party that will move america forward. thank you all very, very much. thank you. thank you. announcer: congress returns from a break this week. [captions copyright national cable satellite corp. 2015] [captioning performed by the national captioning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy. visit ncicap.org] several procedural attempts. for more on the week ahead, we talked to a capitol hill reporter.
reporter: with congress that return after a two-week recess, the senate foreign relations committee plans to mark of a bill on the iran nuclear framework agreement and laura barron-lopez you write about it, and what kind of support doesn't have? laura: well, thanks a lot for having me, and what the senator's bill does is it essentially gives congress a chance to weigh in on the iran nuclear deal framework that the administration just announced last week, and so, it would either let them vote on it, vote for the framework, vote against it, or do nothing on it, and so
it kind of puts a halt on whatever final deal they have for some days, and there is a good amount of support within the republican conference for it, but republicans do need democrats to come over in order to get a veto-proof majority. reporter: the budget resolution that passed the house and senate before the break heads to conference committee, and you tweeted yesterday that the house budget share met to chat the 2016 budget plans and ready for conference next week. what are some of the main difference is need to work out? laura: defense spending -- both the house, gop, the senate gop they need to boost military spending, but they have different amounts in their budget, so they have to reconcile that. they also have to reconcile how far they have to go in repealing
obama care in their separate plans. reporter: turning to the senate, the anti-human trafficking bill was at an impasse due to abortion language, and what is the status of that and how does that impact moving ahead with the loretta lynch nomination for attorney general? laura: well, it impacts loretta lynch a lot. they said they are going to be moving forward on her nomination unless the human trafficking bill is pushed forward, and like you said, in order to have the vote on that, they need to figure out the abortion language on that bill. reporter: you wrote regarding the house that the first 100 days has been a learning process for the republicans. tell us why that is and what we can expect a key bill wise in the next few weeks and into may.
more: so, yes. as you know, this senate is now controlled by a republican majority and so it has been a little bit of a lucky start for in both the house and senate. in the senate, they spent 1.5 months on keystone, knowing that it was going to be vetoed, but speaking to a senator, he said it was because they made a commitment during the election that they were going to vote on that so it was a matter of honor, and then in the house there was the lockheed dhs battle followed closely by a budget debate, where the house gop leadership had to put two budget plans on the floor in order to make sure one past, and they really had to work with their deficits ahead of time to make sure that one of the budget's past, and i spoke with a congressman who is pretty upset with leadership.
he is a republican from south carolina and he is saying he wants more conservative amendments to be heard, their voices to be heard more, so would will be interesting to see how that plays out in the coming months ahead and so when they get back this next week, the majority leader kevin mccarthy they will be focusing on some tax bills. there is also a possibility they may vote on the reauthorization of the patriot act, but that is not for certain. reporter: from the huffington post, you can catch her on twitter, or her website for the paper, huffington post.com. thank you very much for being with us today. laura: thank you. announcer: next, a segment from the washington ideal form from washington, d.c., cohosted by the atlantic magazine and the
aspen institute, bringing together journalists and experts in science and technology. this portion of the event included a geneticist greg. post: -- host: craig can you hear me? he is looking pretty good. can you hear me at all? do you think he is scary looking? he is not scary looking. he is just an ill man. we have a number of backup systems which i suppose we should employ.
i would just tell you what i think he would have done if i could control him like a puppet. alright, maybe he is hearing need. can you hear me? craig: i can, robert. robert: so what is wrong with you? craig: i did not want to leave the laborious sunshine for washington, and ec, and it would have made them proud. robert goa let me ask you because we have not had a whole lot of time. the one that intrigues me the most is this notion of a minimal cell. first of all, can you explain what a "minimal cell" is? craig: we have been working on
this since 1995 when we sequenced the first two jen m's in history, trying to understand a very minimal set of genes that can be responsible for complete self replicating life, and so we have been working on this for a long time. we have had our first synthetic version of 2010, as you know. we have been working since then to try to design a cell from scratch that has just the minimal set of genes necessary for living and replication, at least in a laboratory environment. robert: so we humans have about 20,000 to 30,000 genes. you started with a little itty-bitty thing. you did you try to make it little or -- little or -- smaller?
craig: the smallest set of genes is one we sequenced in 1995. it is a little over 500 genes. the goal is, and the problem with this whole field is our fundamental knowledge of biology is so limited that we do not know but about what 20% of the genes can do, so it is trying to do a design when you don't know what 20% of the parts do, or that you know that they are absolutely necessary. i told you this story before when i was up in seattle, part of my book tour. my late uncle who led the boeing design team for the 767, he said imagine if designing boeing airplanes, they did not know what 20% of the parts dead, and he said, what makes you think we knew.
robert: this is an interesting idea. you take the genes that you think are necessary are for life, and then you shoot one of them, and you say, is it still alive? you shoot another one, is it still alive? you shoot another one, it is still alive. where are you now with that shooting gallery? craig: that is a pretty good description of what we have done. there are dual pathways and tools systems -- dual systems that have not been recognized for modern science because it is hard to get funding to study these things, but you can knock out a gene so that when you knock it out on its own, does not kill the cell, but if you knock out its unknown counterpart, it can do that, so if we use the airplane analogy and you're a triple seven aircraft, you can lose one engine, and the air apps keeps
fly, so you could say maybe engines are not necessary until you lose the second one, and then you find out they were very important. it turns out that people thought by knowing the structure that they thought they knew all of them, and we can say we do not need that particular function, so we can knock it out but genes have particular functions, and their counterparts have, it turns out, key functions that we were not aware of, so it has been more than just trial and error. we did not get a living cell, so we started adding that components. one is working on, as you said, the shooting of them one at a time, and we build these in five different ones, so we can test that one in the environment of all of the others, it looks like it works, because there was a
counterpart unknown gene in one of the others that counteracted it, so this is just trying to get below 500 or so genes. robert: i am just so glad this is hard. this is a little bit like god. i mean, there is play, and then there is adam, so it should take you at least a whole 10 years to figure out part. craig: maybe in while longer. you may remember stephen colbert asked me why i thought i could do better than god and i said, well, we have computers. robert: let me ask this. i assume that if you have a cell, and you can create something, it is a very simple life form. why do we need one?
craig: we do not need one per se but if we want to do a design for new medicines vaccines, food sources etc., we want to get down to where we can do design on first principle basis, so the other thing we are doing is we are trying to defrag the general home. if you think of these analogies, 4 billion years of evolution is pretty messy. things get inserted all over the place. there is no logic to it. there is a lot of randomness. but we want to put in a cassette or genes that do sugar metabolism or methane metabolism, we want to do that, and you plug in this set, and then we are deep fracking -- de
fragging it, which is a lot more complicated, and the point is to get to where we can do design from known components to start to build things for the future. this is for very specific design are opposites. robert: you were thinking of fuel producing bugs, talks and eating bugs, medicine producing dogs -- bugs. you would then put them in the air and the water and the land. the next thing that comes to mind is how hungry are we about to be, or how energy needy, or how anxious for freshwater that this would be something that politicians would bless? do we need this?
craig: let me correct your earlier statement. our plan is not to add them back to the environment. i think that would be a mistake to do. as you know, we sailed around the globe taking samples every 200 miles in the ocean and sequencing the animals there. over 40% of our oxygen comes from those algae. we would not with them produced by out to that produced a whole lot of oil and instead of oxygen give us an oily glue in the ocean, so these would be organisms that would, in fact, not live outside the laboratory or outside a production environment, and that is an important part of our design, building kill switches, so they cannot survive on their own, but we think of manufacturing industrial applications. so, for example, sugar. you can temper that into almost
anything. we are working on designing new pathways that do not exist in nature for making the chemical that goes into plastic bottles. right now, it comes from oil. it is a byproduct of oil production, so it is adding to the purdue should -- adding to the pollution of taking oil out of the ground. at the plastic bottles. if we make those same chemicals from sugar, we can turn it into a renewable chemical and are able to recycle all of the waste and reuse them. we have our gene, -- algae there are pond to nymex that use sunlight and carbon dioxide, so they are pulling co2 out of the atmosphere. in fact, we need high doses of co2.
we have to concentrate it. co2 turned into all kinds of chemicals, including foodstuffs. robert: let me talk you about scaling. you are talking about little things but we need a lot of food, or we need to remove a lot of co2. is it easy to scale up? craig: i-4 chile none of this is simple. there will be high throughput fuel that can compete with the cost of natural gas now. every time new biofuel approaches came along in the past, all of us in, the cost of carbon out of the ground gets cheap again. that is what makes it impossible to compete. the only way they can compete is if governments create a carbon tax, so we start to realize it does not matter how cheap it is to burn coal or oil or natural gas. in the long run, we cannot
afford to keep doing that. in that stage, yes, it can be scaled up very dramatically. it is not cost effective. cost-effective for specialty chemicals, for vaccines, etc. robert: let me ask you a lifestyle question. if you are running out of food and you can create a blog that makes more food, or you can create a bug that makes more freshwater when you are running out, or you can create more energy, there is a demon. more more, and more -- there is a theme. more, more, and more. you could eat less and why less. it sounds to me like you are a more guy. craig: i can only control how many babies people have in my
own local environment. i do not know how to do that globally. we have a tremendous challenge with all of the people that we keep adding to the planet. within not too long, we could be approaching 10 billion people. it is not sustainable with the approaches we are using and consumption of everything now. more is a problem. we can have less babies, but unless we are going to roll back populations, which i do not think anybody is truly advocating, at least not in the political arena we have to find solutions to produce more food, more medicine, not at the expense of the environment but with a recyclable, sustainable fashion that is doable. we can't support the number of people that we do have, but only if we change how we do that.
robert: my last question to you because we're almost out of time, and i hesitate to do this to you, but i am interested in be ebola story. since you have been dealing with virologist and bird flu, as well, what are we doing right at the moment about ebola, and what do you think we are doing wrong? greg: -- craig: there have been numerous outbreaks in the past and have been handled with good containment. a war area, those containment issues kind of fell apart. and it started spreading around. ebola is not a lethal disease most of the time. i understand a group at harvard has been working on a treatment in africa, and they are down to around 12% mortality despite
using good medical practices. yes, it would be great to have a vaccine. yes, it would be great to have drugs to treat it, but containment is the most important thing initially with new outbreaks. obviously in the future, as we have done with the flu vaccine we can synthetically make a vaccine really quickly for the flu. we can e-mail it around the world and use devices to print it. we should be able to stop future flu pandemics from spreading. that has to be done by disease by disease. robert: i would love to tell the audience this guy is working on a digital biological convert -- converter, were you can scoop up the poop, you can figure out what the virus is call you can
transfer that anywhere in the world, and they can come up with a vaccine and you can make it one day soon, one day never, one day maybe? craig: we can do that right now. the u.s. as a stockpile of the h7n9 vaccine. it is the first synthetic dna-based vaccine that the team of synthetic genomics did with novartis. we have a stockpile of this new vaccine. the first case occurred in the u.s., so for the first time, we are ahead of the game instead of trying to play catch-up. it is a matter with each of these infectious disease work out the right basis of vaccine. one size does not fit all but the future will be rapidly
e-mailing these around, downloading them, and blocking transmission very early on, and we should be able to eliminate future pandemics. robert: santa claus has very little on this guy. his presents are huge and fascinating. everybody say goodbye to him applause wise he can hear you. [applause] all right. announcer: the bipartisan policy center will hear from michael chertoff about immigration policy and border security. he will part of a discussion of also include u.s. border patrol chief michael fisher. the event will focus on how immigration law is currently in forest and what improvements can be made to better protect u.s. borders. that is live at 11:00 a.m. eastern on c-span2, and tomorrow, florida center --
senator marco rubio is expected to announce his candidate for president, making them the third candidate making himself in the race. in miami, we will have live coverage beginning at 5:30 p.m. eastern here on c-span. announcer: review a fan of the c-span first lady series? it is now a book published by public affairs looking inside the first life of every first lady lady in american history, based on interviews with primitive historians and biographers. learn details of all 45 first ladies what made these women who they were, their lives, and their unique partnerships with their presidential spouses. the book, first ladies, on the lives of 45 iconic american women, providing iconic stories of women who survived the scrutiny of the white house, sometimes at great personal cost
and even changed history. c-span's first ladies is an illuminating and inspiring an entertaining read, available as an e-book or book. available through your online bookseller. announcer: the international monetary fund and world bank and christine lagarde spoke to the atlantic council about the state of the global economy. she was introduced by the atlantic mr. kempe: good morning. i am fred campkempe. we have no more seats available
and some people in our hallway. let me particularly welcome our atlantic council board members. atlantic council members members of the diplomatic corps and public officials, as well as our online and television audience. if i had known how popular your appearance would be, i might have tried to scalp the tickets. it's an even greater pleasure to introduce our speaker, a remarkable leader navigating difficult times and wrestling with a vast array of challenges every day with grace, clarity, and courage, from the european survive to broader issues regarding where the global economy will draw its future strength and sustainability. after the opening comments, a
curtain raiser, as we used to call it at the "wall street journal," ahead of next week's i.m.f. meetings i will engage in a conversation also drawing upon audience questions here and on line. so i encourage you to continue to submit your comments and questions using the hashtag, #acglobalecon. it's no secret that i and the atlantic council more generally are fans of the managing director of the international monetary fund. i first ran across madam lagarde christine when the "wall street journal" europe was putting together its 2002 top european women in business rankings. to celebrate women who were pushing through the mostly male ranks of corporate europe. the jury of experts ranked her among our top ten finalists. but then they had a dilemma. as a f